Topic: Chapter 1 Case Study – The Department of Homeland Security

Original Question:

Topic: Chapter 1 Case Study – The Department of Homeland Security

1. How does the creation of the Department of Homeland Security affect resources traditionally designated for local criminal justice organizations?

2. Are there too few resources to fight both terrorists and traditional criminals?

3. Who should pay the burden for investigating, apprehending, prosecuting, convicting, sentencing, and incarcerating terrorists?

4. Should Osama Bin Laden have been taken alive?

5. What are the due process protection questions in light of the creation of the Department of Homeland Security?

6. Should these due process protections matter in the fight against terrorism?

APA citations/references required

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The Department of Homeland Security was created under the Bush Administration due to the 911 terrorist attacks.  The United States has had terrorist attacks in the past, but none to the extent of what happened in 2001.  Up until 2001, the attacks came from within the United States.  The attacks of 2001 were from foreigners who infiltrated the United States and access to things that they should not have.  The Department of Homeland Security is a Federal Agency that uses local criminal justice organization resources.  When this department was created its purpose grew to include anything that would affect the safety of the people of the United States.  This would include natural disasters, immigration, and terrorism.  Before the creation of the Department of Homeland Security, other criminal justice departments were tasked with the duties of protecting the Homeland.  Therefore, the creation of this department has affected resources of the local law enforcement organizations.

With the creation of Homeland Security there are grants awarded to local governments to aid in funding for training and procurement of equipment (Walby, & Lippert, 2015).  Some of these grants are the Law Enforcement Terrorism Protection Program, the Port Security Program, and the Emergency Management Performance Grants (Walby, et al.).  There has been an extensive amount designated for funding of for the fight against terrorism.  Even though there has been a fair amount of money, this money only goes to cities with a population of over 225,000 people (Walby, et al.).  In 2005, alone there was 855 million in funds given to localities in the United States, which included 48 million to Chicago, 17.6 million to Detroit, 12 million to Seattle, and 5.1 million to Omaha, NE and Arlington, TX (Walby, et al.).

Since the Department of Homeland Security is a Federal Government Agency, the Federal government should pay for anything related to terrorism which is investigation, prosecution, conviction, and incarceration.  The terrorists should be housed in a federal maximum-security prison after sentencing.

Osama Bin Laden was a terrorist that was the mastermind of the 911 terrorist attacks.  He evaded capture for far too long.  There were many campaigns to capture him, but his fate was death.  I do not think there was any way around anything other than death.  I also do not think he ever had plans to be taken alive either.  In Job 4:8 (KJV) it says, “Even as I have seen, they that plow iniquity, and sow wickedness, reap the same”.  Osama sowed wickedness and iniquity and reaped the same.  He should not have been taken alive.

Should the terrorists have rights is one of the due process questions related to Homeland Security.  These rights are both civil and political in nature (Guiora, n.d.).  What are these civil and political rights that relate to due process?  There is the question as to whether a terrorist can be deprived of life, liberty, and property.  There is also the detention and interrogation of terrorists.  In the fight against terrorism and traditional crimes, there should be due process.  The due process laws should apply to all criminals, foreign and domestic terrorist or traditional criminals.  “Failure to provide due process to individuals suspected of involvement in terrorism leads a society down a slippery slope from which there is no return” (Guiora, n.d).  Without due process we would be no better than the terrorists.

References

Guiora, A. N. (n.d.). Due Process and Counterterrorism: Emory University School of Law: Atlanta, GA. Retrieved from http://law.emory.edu/eilr/content/volume-26/issue-1/articles/due-process-and-counterterrorism.html#section-d70d5bcbeeb7362d3d57c48ce947c2fa

Walby, K., & Lippert, R. K. (2015). The difference homeland security makes: Comparing municipal corporate security in canada and the united states. Security Dialogue, 46(3), 238-255. doi:10.1177/0967010615570109

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